Wednesday, June 3, 2020

Contemporary Architectural Theory - 825 Words

Contemporary Architectural Theory (Book Review Sample) Content: Contemporary Architectural TheoryNameInstitutionCourse code + dateInstructorContemporary Architectural TheoryArchitecture has evolved over the years and still continues to grow as time moves. The ultimate aim of each architect is not to work for a single customer; rather that individual work should be done with an aim of attracting more clients. With time, designers have come up with newer models and designs that are meant to appeal to more customers. This critical analysis will focus on two articles that tell us about the evolution and growth of architecture. We will look keenly at the ideas propagated in the two articles and make a comparison between the two. We will identify any similarities or differences between in the ideas presented in the two articles.Charles Jencksà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ "What Then Is Post-Modernism?" talks about the changes that have occurred in the architecture world due to modernity. It looks at the entire picture of modern and postmodern things and h ow they have changed over the years. Charles says that "the neologisms à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"capitalism and socialismà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ were modern when they were used in 1810, but today the hybrid à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"socialismà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ of the advanced economies could be called post-modern." The sentence suggests that what might have appeared Modern a few years ago might not be modern at this time, and new things that get currently referred to as postmodern.[Charles Jencks "What Then Is Post-Modernism?" October 2009.  2010 John Wiley Sons Ltd.] Denise Scott Brown also talks about the evolution of architecture with time. In this article "Architecture Theory since 1968." And edited by K. Michael Hays in 2000, they talk about architectural designs and how they should get made with futuristic systems. It talks about the modern techniques of architecture that involves the use of more modern technology. The author suggests that any new designs must get done with reference to the formal models as a w ay of incorporating them. The author calls for the current architects to ensure they develop their structures with respect to the formal standards that are universally accepted.[Denise Scott Brown, Architecture Theory since 1968, 2000, edited by K.Michael Hays. Casabella 359-360 Dec. 1971] Looking at these two articles, they talk about the future as well as the growth of architecture. Jencks tries to look at how the words modern and postmodern have been used to describe architectural designs over time. He compares the use of these words to other subjects such as technology, socialism and capitalism. He attributes modern and postmodern architecture to the changes that are being witnessed throughout the world. Brown also talks about how architecture has changed over time. He discusses how forms for new and existing grounds for design have changed. These changes have occurred due to the changes that have occurred in the world such as technological and social changes.[Charles Jencks "Wh at Then Is Post-Modernism?" October 2009.  2010 John Wiley Sons Ltd.] [Denise Scott Brown, Architecture Theory since 1968, 2000, edited by K.Michael Hays. Casabella 359-360 Dec. 1971] Architects have to look at these new designs to gain more knowledge and understanding of what their profession requires. Jencks calls on all architects to have an open mind when it comes to developing postmodern designs. They should ensure the postmodern designs are much better than their modern counterparts. However, there is a difficulty in determining what is modern and what is postmodern. Brown also calls on all architects to ensure their designs get incorporated into the formal architectural plans. They must make a better judgment when coming up with a new design with the hope more people will embrace it. The author identifies the pop culture as similar to modern architecture. Pop artists must always come up with new music to remain relevant to their fan base. A similar scenario is true with architects who need to come up with new and better designs to gain more clients.[Denise Scott Brown, Architecture Theory since 1968, 2000, edited by K.Michael Hays. Casabella 359-360 Dec. 1971] There are some differences that can get witnessed in the two articles. Denise Brown talks about architecture theory since 1968. He talks of how new sources of architectu...

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Crime And Crime Prevention Programs - 2354 Words

Introduction Criminal activities will never completely end, owing to the human nature of wanting to defy law and order. However, criminal activities can be mitigated. The history of crime is as old as the beginning of life itself. In every generation of time, we learn of people who engaged in crimes against the law and who were punished in accordance to law of the lands in which they lived. Today, methods of mitigating crime have greatly improved, so has the methods of committing crime. It’s a delicate game. The reception of crime prevention programs has however been on the rise and people are beginning to see the effect of these programs owing to many cases being solved and more criminals brought to justice. Technology has had much to contribute to the emergence of programs that make it easier to detect and mitigate criminal activities. Towards this regard, this paper develops a program that acts as a proposal showing how criminal activities could be mitigated. The paper will investigat e crime rates in various states and offer a proposition on how these crimes could be minimized or done away with altogether. Jurisdiction of the proposal The proposal outlined here will be applicable to a state or city. Larger forms of jurisdiction will not be fully captured in this proposal. The proposal will mainly be focused on crime prevention measures but it can canvass other modes of the crime prevention program. The adult justice system will be the major point of focus in thisShow MoreRelatedCrime And Crime Prevention Programs1821 Words   |  8 Pagessince the 1990’s there has been a decrease in crime. Although, there are many plausible reasons for the decrease in crime such has employment rates, age, economic improvement, or culture variation. However, two other factors play a part in the crime decrease such as a result of better policing methods. Crime prevention programs have been developed and used all over the United States. Over the years, these different prevention programs help contribute to crime decrease. They also have been a great successRead MoreCommunity Crime Prevention Programs 1626 Words   |  7 Pag esCommunity crime prevention programs play a vital role across the world in regards to the â€Å"community† style of police service. These types of programs heavily involve participating members of the community along with the police to achieve community and police oriented goals to improve the quality of life for all members of the community. The Bureau of Justice Assistance states community crime prevention programs are based several factors such as program focus, program rationale, community race,Read MoreLocal Crime Prevention Program1108 Words   |  4 PagesLocal Crime Prevention The name of the crime prevention program The name of the program is Open Door Youth Gang Alternatives. It is head quartered in Golden, Colorado. Their primary focus is to prevent at risk youth from joining gangs and educate the public about warnings signs for recruitment activity. (Our Programs, 2012) (Worrall, 2008) A description of the components of the program (i.e., the length of time to complete the program, who are the participants, who teaches the program, andRead MoreCrime Prevention Programs And Juvenile Delinquency1378 Words   |  6 PagesCrime Prevention Programs Juvenile Delinquency Jenna Moffitt American Military University Professor Parkinson CMRJ295 November 29, 2015 Crime Prevention Programs Juvenile Delinquency Crime is the one constant thing in our country that will always be around. For decades we have enhanced our technology, changed our laws, put away criminals, but crime still, and will always exist. Crime prevention programs are put into place to help prevent juveniles and adults fromRead MoreCrime Prevention Programs Help Protect And Deter Crime Within Neighborhoods1219 Words   |  5 Pages Crime prevention programs help to prevent and deter crime within neighborhoods by getting the neighbors involved. Neighborhood watches use residents within a neighborhood to look out for suspicious activity/ issues then report them to police before any crime occurs. Using this method potentially deters crime and offenders from committing more crimes. A neighborhood watch can consist of a block watch, community watch, home watch and citizen alert. Neighborhood crime prevention programs arose becauseRead MoreCrime Prevention Program: Gun Control in the USA2738 Words   |  11 Pagesways of preven tion from high level incidents such as gun shooting crimes, one of the most important and helpful way is prevention through proper security laws. There is also a great quote that prevention is better than cure. Prevention is almost considered as half the treatment of a particular disease. There are several problems and difficulties faced by people living in current society. One of the major diseases is the increasing trend of crimes like firearms and mass shooting. Crimes are alsoRead MoreThe Neighborhood Watch Program : A Community Based Crime Prevention Program1050 Words   |  5 Pages The Agency that was interviewed was The Neighborhood Watch Program from The El Paso Police Department Northeast Regional Command Center in El Paso Texas. The officer that was interviewed was Crime Prevention officer Jeffery Bell. The Neighborhood Watch is a community-based crime prevention program where neighbors look out for each other’s safety, property and homes. The program is based on the idea when residents, businesses, police officers and other community members look out for the safety ofRead MoreCrime Prevention Concepts and Theory, Such as Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (Cpted) and Other Such Preventative Programs.1713 Words   |  7 PagesCRIME PREVENTION CONCEPTS AND THEORY, SUCH AS CRIME PREVENTION THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN (CPTED) AND OTHER SUCH PREVENTATIVE PROGRAMS. First to start developing the item on the prevention of crime we must have the concept that is a crime. The crime can be defined as the action consisting of acting or doing, is a positive, which implies that the person or agent performs one or more body movements and commits the violation of the law by itself, or by instruments, mechanisms or persons. We canRead MoreImpact of Developmental Theories on Crime Prevention Program Implementation675 Words   |  3 PagesDevelopmental Theories Impact on Crime Prevention Program Implementation Objective The objective of this study is to examine how developmental theories impact implementation of Crime Prevention Programs. Welsh and Farrington (2010) note that crime prevention holds different meanings for different people and the programs and policies focused on crime prevention includes the arrest by police who are coping with problems associated with gangs and a court disposal of the case, secure correctional facilityRead MoreCrime Prevention Concepts and Theory, Such as Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) And Other Such Preventative Programs1594 Words   |  7 Pagesor not would work in present day police activities. The culture concerns in society on the criminal justice system would explain in the community policing based on Peel’s concept of prevention. Many law enforcement agencies have embraced the community policing concept across the country. Its goal in preventing crime and promote better partnerships between police and community. According to Friedmann (1992), problem analysis and problem solving, facilitation, community organization, communication

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Binge Crinking Essay Example For Students

Binge Crinking Essay From one generation to the next, we have seemingly continued this ridiculous practice of binge drinking. Sure, lets all see who can drink the most, who passes out first, and lets not forget throwing-up? Yes, you havent experienced the true effects of binge drinking until youve thrown-up all over yourself. But why, why is it that todays generation feels that this is fun? Risking your life to fit in isnt fun. Fun is going to an amusement park or even a baseball game. Unfortunately, college campuses across the nation are preoccupied by this issue of alcohol abuse. Binge drinking in the U.S. is out of control and mostly a problem that our government has produced. It is a byproduct of legal age limits for drinking. Therefore, putting an age limit on drinking privileges is definitely something that needs to be reevaluated. Binge drinking is defined as the consumption of five or more drinks in a row on at least one occasion Websters 61. In national surveys, about a third of high school seniors and 42 percent of college students reported at least one occasion of binge drinking within the previous two weeks Thompson 35. It also has been nationally identified that alcohol has been related to 75 percent of campus police arrests, 80 percent of residence hall damages, 85 percent of sexual assaults, 70 percent of discipline referrals, and 50 percent of suicide attempts Thompson 35. Since 1993 our problem has only worsened. The Harvard School of Public Healths Alcohol Study found that among heavy drinkers, it has also found an increase in those who said they not only binged but binged frequently: they rose to 20.7% of the 14,521 students in 1997 survey from 19.5% of more than 15,000 students in the 1993 sample Goldberg A8. The problem is not the age in which one should drink, but the way they do drink. Students binge because they have never been taught how to drink responsibly. College administrators are making an effort to reduce all these statistics and get rid of this awful disease spreading through their campuses. They have restricted drinking privileges in every way possible. Zero tolerance no alcohol laws have been put into effect everywhere, endless peer-counseling groups have been initiated, and lets not forget the almighty alcohol awareness campaigns that are crowding our television stations all the time. Think about it though. Why waste our time with all of these restrictions when all that is needed is a change in the rules? There should be no such thing as an underage drinker. Twenty-one is not a magic number when we all have mysteriously grown up. In fact, I cannot recall a single twenty-one year old that was responsible and grown up. As a result of the governments ignorance, this age restriction has only induced binge drinking among young adults. College presidents agree that binge drinking is the most serious problem on college campuses today. The percentage of college kids who were binge drinkers was nearly  uniform from freshman to senior year, even though students under twenty-one are prohibited from purchasing alcohol Goldberg A8. Even with the present alcohol regimen students still seem to find a way to acquire intoxicating beverages. All the governments twenty-one rule is doing is flashing a neon sign that says, be a rebel, defy your parents, it will be fun. This all results in ignorance, not knowing when to say when because no one taught you. Europeans definitely have the right idea when it comes to their children consuming alcohol. They dont say its off limits. In fact they drink with them starting at a very early age. With their parents supervision they learn how to enjoy drinking rather than consuming it in irrational quantities. This allows time to associate the effects of drinking, as well as their tolerance levels. It helps them to see the social side of drinking, as well as keeping it from being something that has to be kept a secret. As a result, Europeans have a shockingly lower rate of binge drinking among their students Thompson 32. It all makes brilliant sense, when you tell a child that they cannot do something, they are going to have the urge to do it even more than they did before. Teaching students today how to drink responsibly within their families first would definitely help a great deal. .u158eb7a89b239f1bd59696af0dc9400f , .u158eb7a89b239f1bd59696af0dc9400f .postImageUrl , .u158eb7a89b239f1bd59696af0dc9400f .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u158eb7a89b239f1bd59696af0dc9400f , .u158eb7a89b239f1bd59696af0dc9400f:hover , .u158eb7a89b239f1bd59696af0dc9400f:visited , .u158eb7a89b239f1bd59696af0dc9400f:active { border:0!important; } .u158eb7a89b239f1bd59696af0dc9400f .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u158eb7a89b239f1bd59696af0dc9400f { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u158eb7a89b239f1bd59696af0dc9400f:active , .u158eb7a89b239f1bd59696af0dc9400f:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u158eb7a89b239f1bd59696af0dc9400f .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u158eb7a89b239f1bd59696af0dc9400f .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u158eb7a89b239f1bd59696af0dc9400f .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u158eb7a89b239f1bd59696af0dc9400f .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u158eb7a89b239f1bd59696af0dc9400f:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u158eb7a89b239f1bd59696af0dc9400f .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u158eb7a89b239f1bd59696af0dc9400f .u158eb7a89b239f1bd59696af0dc9400f-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u158eb7a89b239f1bd59696af0dc9400f:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Legalize marijuana Argumentative EssayAlcohol needs to be looked at as a normal part of life instead of this wondrous forbidden fruit. If the government abolished our drinking age law, maybe our problem would be better solved. Students could feel good about drinking rather than hiding it away in their dorm rooms. They could take their time and drink while eating and discussing their classes together. The fact remains though, that drinking is illegal for early age college kids and is definitely a big reason why they find this binge drinking fun. They feel like they are getting over on someone, in a sense. If it was not illegal to drink before twenty-one, maybe students would be less prone to abuse alcohol. 36,000 of the nations 12 million undergraduates will ultimately die from alcohol-related causes while in school. This is more than the number who will get MAs and PhDs combined Goldberg A8. Obviously the United States government has some reevaluating to consider. With statistics like these, we are already playing Russian roulette with our childrens lives. How much further are we all willing to go to keep alcohol away from students, when all that is needed is a change of heart.

Saturday, April 18, 2020

Over

Introduction Human beings learn their environment by perceiving the processes of nature in order to imitate and manipulate them. An experiment done on the imitative capacity of human beings shows that children learn their environment better by imitating novel actions performed by the adults. Since children learn by imitation, they can over-imitate unnecessary actions that adults perform in the process of achieving certain goals.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Over-imitative Behaviour of Children specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More â€Å"Children have been observed to over-imitate, or to reproduce an adult’s obviously irrelevant actions in several different contexts, even in situations where chimpanzees correctly ignored the unnecessary steps† (Lyons, Young, Keil, 2007, p. 19751). Since cognitive capacity of the children is greater than that of chimpanzees, it implies that over-imitation is due to nor m learning. Therefore, norm learning explains better the over-imitative behaviours in children. Summary of Empirical Studies Empirical studies reveal that, over-imitative behaviours in children are due to demands of social norms. In the first empirical study, an experimenter conducted a novel experiment involving retrieval of marble balls from a transparent experimental set up. The experimenter demonstrated severally how to retrieve the marble balls through a process with unnecessary actions for 4-year-old children to imitate. After demonstration, the children imitated the process of retrieving a marble ball, and the experimenter noted keenly if children could precede unnecessary actions when retrieving marble balls. â€Å"Of the other 16, 13 performed the unnecessary action †¦compatible with the hypothesis that children have a declarative belief that the dial should be turned before retrieving the object, a belief that can be flexibly used to determine appropriate behaviourâ €  (Kenward, Karlsson, Persson, 2010, p. 4). Since novel apparatus were transparent, the children could have avoided unnecessary actions while retrieving the marbles. The normative learning made the children to over-imitate unnecessary actions of the experimenter. In second empirical study, the experimenter taught children how to manipulate a puppet by doing both necessary and unnecessary actions. Two groups of children, recognizing group and inventing group, manipulated the puppet according to the demonstration based on ostensive communication and incidental observation respectively.Advertising Looking for essay on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to the findings, â€Å"†¦young 3-year-old children jumped to a normative interpretation of an adult action based mainly on the way it was performed in terms of its intentionality, and possibly conventionality† (Schmidt, Rakoczy, Tomasello, 2010, p.5). The results imply that children over-imitate actions as norms necessary for achieving intended objectives when manipulating a puppet. The study also found out that children over-imitate actions more in recognizing environment as compared to the inventing environment. Thus, observation is very critical in development of normative behaviours by the children. In the third empirical study, the experimenter trained 5-year old children on how to retrieve a dinosaur toy from a container while doing both necessary and unnecessary actions. The experimenter then taught children to identify the necessary and unnecessary actions in readiness for the next experiment where they could differentiate the two actions. In the test experiment, the experimenter brought a complex container with turtle and instructed the children to retrieve a turtle using necessary actions only. Surprisingly, most children continually repeated the unnecessary actions during the short process of retrieving turtle m eaning that, they had normatively observed the process of retrieving dinosaur. According to Lyons, Young, and Keil, â€Å"directly warning participants to ignore unnecessary actions failed to attenuate over-imitation because despite deliberately monitoring for irrelevant steps, children continued to over-imitate as frequently as they did in training experiment† (2007, p.19755). These findings prove that over-imitative behaviour springs from the tendency of children to perceive actions as norms that require compliance. Discussion and Integration of Empirical Research and Theoretical Research The experiment involving retrieval of marble balls from transparent experimental set up clearly demonstrates how children over-imitated experimenter by performing unnecessary actions. The strengths of the experiment lie in the fact that there are no assumptions regarding the participants or the experiment itself. Furthermore, the study also empirically illustrates how children can effectiv ely over-imitate unnecessary actions without any external influence that can confound the results; therefore, the experiment is very simple for a 5-year old child to comprehend.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Over-imitative Behaviour of Children specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Nevertheless, the weakness of the research lies in the questions directed at the 5-year-old children. The children are too young to give coherent verbal reasons regarding necessary and unnecessary actions. The experimenter questions the children whether they can perform unnecessary actions and how they can avoid unnecessary questions. These questions are very complex for the children because they do not fully comprehend the whole process; they just over-imitate actions of the experimenter. Hence, verbal answers from 5-year old children are not credible since their cognitive ability cannot allow them to give consistent and true answers to the questions. In the puppet experiment, its strengths are in the comparative study of recognizing and inventing group as the experiment revealed that children learn better through observation rather than through their own rational abilities. As a weakness, manipulation of the puppet is very complex for the 3-year old children to comprehend. In the dinosaur retrieval experiment, though children learned in advance to differentiate relevant and irrelevant actions, they were able to repeat irrelevant actions despite the experimenter’s instructions to avoid such actions; hence the strength of the experiment. The experiment proved that over-imitative behaviours of children lie in norm learning. However, the weakness rests on the fact that the experimenter over instructed the children during training and testing experiment, which might have influenced the outcome of the experiment. Discussion and Integration of Evidence with My Arguments The study supports the argument that, norm learning explains better the over-imitative behaviour in children since the experiment empirically illustrates how children perform both necessary and unnecessary actions in order to achieve certain goals. The children do not question the process that the experimenter follows since they perceive them as critical actions that leads to the ultimate objective. As a norm, children adapt adult behaviours because they assume that whatever adults do is right and worth imitating. To the children, every action, whether necessary or unnecessary for achieving specific objectives, is taken as integral part of the whole process since social norms are diverse for a child to differentiate between relevant and irrelevant actions/behaviours. Since children are still young with little experiences in different kinds of actions that they perform, they obtain their experiences by keenly observing actions of the adults. Therefore, over-imitative behaviour emanate from the desire to comply with social nor ms that determine one’s rewards or punishment.Advertising Looking for essay on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Therefore, children think that their compliance with norms enables them to earn rewards rather than punishments from their adults. Hence, perceptions of actions from the normative point of view have made children become over-imitative even in unnecessary actions that do not require much rationalization. Discussion of the Key Issues Two schools of thought, norm learning and distorted causal learning, try to explain over-imitative behaviour in children. Norm learning assumes that children do not use their cognitive abilities when imitating adults, which makes them to over-imitate even unnecessary actions that have no meaning in achieving certain objectives. The norm learning perspective of explaining the over-imitative behaviour needs to consider and integrate cognitive abilities of the children because they reason before performing necessary and unnecessary actions. According to Lyons, Young, and Keil â€Å"Children who observe an adult intentionally manipulating a novel object have a strong tendency to encode all of the adult’s actions as causally meaningful, implicitly revising their causal understanding of the object accordingly† (2007, p.19751). This argument implies that children not only imitate actions and behaviours due to social norms, but also due to the cognitive ability to code and over-imitate. Distorted causal learning on the other hand assumes that over-imitative behaviours come from the cognitive coding of behaviours and actions. Lyons, Young and Keil argue that, â€Å"children treat the purposeful actions that adults direct toward novel objects as a source of privileged causal information, automatically encoding those actions as causally meaningful even when there is clear visible evidence to the contrary† (2007, p.19752). Distorted causal learning neglects the influence of social factors such as norms and interests towards certain actions that children have. There is possibility that children are superficially over-imitati ng the actions thinking that they are rules of a game because games have many unnecessary actions that need compliance for the sake of fun. Since children like games and fun, over-imitation may be part of social interaction that leads to fun and merry making. Thus, it is not enough to attribute over-imitation to the distorted causal learning. Conclusion Norm learning explains best the cause of over-imitative behaviours observed in children. The marble retrieval experiment clearly illustrates how children over-imitate unnecessary actions while retrieving marbles from the experimental set up. Over-imitation of unnecessary actions implies that children have normative tendency in following instructions of the adults with view that there are right and wrong actions. Children view adults as source of morals and whatever they do is unquestionable, hence over-imitating their actions and behaviours. In a recap, over-imitation has formed the basis of learning throughout the process of human e volution. References Kenward, B., Karlsson, M., Persson, J. (2010). Over-imitation is Better Explained by Norm Learning than by Distorted Causal Learning. Proceedings of the  Royal Society. 1-9 Lyons, D., Young, A., Keil, F. (2007). The Hidden Structure of Over-imitation.  Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, 104(50), 19751-19756. Schmidt, M., Rakoczy, H., Tomasello, M. (2010). Young Children Attribute Normativity To Novel actions without Pedagogy or Normative Language. Developmental Science, 1-10. This essay on Over-imitative Behaviour of Children was written and submitted by user Michaela Reeves to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here. Over

Saturday, March 14, 2020

Claude Debussy Essays

Claude Debussy Essays Claude Debussy Paper Claude Debussy Paper although being taught by a violinist. Unwillingly and without hesitance, De Belleville offered Claude lessons on piano, which Claude eagerly accepted. Antoinette Maude Belleville was very overwhelmed with Debussy aspiring talent. Throughout the course of a year, De Belleville trained Debussy vigorously so that Debussy could enter the Conservatoire De Paris, which was (and still Is) a top drawer school for those who are serious on pursuing the career of music or any art for the matter. After a successful audition, on October 22, 1872, Debussy was sequentially admitted in the Conservatoire De Paris. Matt © was so glued onto Debussy and his accomplishments, that Debussy father declared her as Debussy Godmother. Debussy entered the Conservatoire De Paris with a mindset that he was going to major In Plano Performance. Years later, he decided to change his major to interminable years. Debussy studied composition with Ernest Guard, harmony with Emilie Duran, piano with Antoine Francisco Marmoreal, music history and music theory with Louis-Albert Obbligato Discouraged and college with Albert Laving. Throughout his life at the Conservatoire De Paris, Debussy endures many arduous examinations and competitions; some receiving him high marks and comments, others nothing. His first comment was given to him by his piano teacher, Antoine Francisco Marmoreal, on January 13, 1874. The comment was, Charming child, true temperament of an artist; will become a distinguished musician; a great future. Months later, on July, he receives a second honorable mention for playing Chopping Second Piano Concerto. One year later, he receives a first honorable mention in his piano examination; Chopping 1st Ballade is what he played for the examination. On January 16, 1876, Debussy made his first appearance in concert with a local industry brass band. At the concert, which took place in Chauncey, he accompanied Letting Mended in a program filled with operatic excerpts and instrumental pieces. Back in the Conservatoire De Paris, later that year, he receives his a first medal for his excellence in the college examinations. Soon, the year 1877 comes along. It was that year that experiences the expiration of his brother, Eugene, who was less than four years old. The cause of his death was meningitis, a sickness that wouldnt find a cure until many years after. The death of Eugene did not affect Debussy playing and study, for he won second prize in his piano examination, playing Schumann Sonata in G Minor. In 1878, Debussy failed his piano examination. In 1879, Debussy, he was awarded no prizes for his piano and college examinations. Mile Duran says that Debussy a child that is extremely gifted in Harmony, but is desperately careless during school. 1880 was a certainly a year of learning and rebuilding for Claude Debussy. Debussy signed up for an Accompanist class with Augusta Bacilli in 1879 and in 1880, he won first medal on the accompanist examinations. Debussy soon realizes hat he needs to start finding out ways in which he can make ends meet while still attending the Conservatoire De Paris. He later then found two part-time Jobs that lead to an essentially critical part for the formation of his composition career. His first part time Job was to be an accompanist to a choral society named La Concordia. This was proved almost disastrous because, predictably, Debussy decided to never show up to any of La Concordats rehearsals. His other part-time Job was being an accompanist to singer Victorian Mortar-Saints. This part-time Job is the one he favored over the dreadful choral works of La Concordia. During an event with Mortar-Saints, Debussy received an invitation from Menhaden Von Neck. Menhaden Von Neck was an important figure, due to her great friendship and patronage with the genius Photo Lacily Tchaikovsky, whom which Debussy respected and looked Upton as a composer but had very little impact on him and his future works. Von Neck sought out Debussy so that Debussy could accompany Von Neck and her family as an accompanist and a piano teach/tutor. During the three summers that Debussy was with the Von Neck family, Debussy and the Von Neck family traveled many lengths on grand tours all across Europe and even extending to Asia. Debussy traveled to Interlayer in Switzerland, Archon in Russia. Debussy had a short relationship with Sonic Von Neck, Menhaden Von Necks daughter. Although short, Debussy was almost close to marrying Sonic Von Neck, but was then denied after Menhadens refusal, since Sonic Von Neck was in fact only sixteen and too young to marry in Menhadens eyes. This love must have not lasted great lengths; this love was merely on adolescent and could have soon been forgotten n. But eventually, Debussy did find much grander love, and also much older if you will. Although thirteen years to his senior, Debussy fell in love with Bleach Adelaide Evasive. Evasive was everything Debussy every wanted. The color of her eyes were the perfect shade of green, which was Debussy favorite color, and her voice, to him, was heavenly light. And to top it all off, she sung with the voice of a thousand angels. Her hair color was red to brown which Debussy thought was splendid. Evasive was thirty-two and was married to Eugene-Henry Evasive, a man very dedicated to his work as a registrar of buildings. Eugene-Henry Evasive was also extremely wealthy man and only two years to Debussy senior. Although a married woman, Evasive longed for Debussy. Evasive ultimately longed for love, and to her, Debussy could supply that love. Eugene-Henry Evasive could supply her expensive tastes, but not her love and passion for music. Debussy was Evasive unsatisfying craving for an ever so passionate but secretive love. Evasive had a profound impact on Debussy and his compositions. On May 12, 1882, Evasive performed two of Debussy compositions, Less Roses and Fete Gallant, with Debussy as an accompanist. Debussy was truly in love with the only woman or person that have sung his music to date. He would pour out music for her to sing Just so that he can her voice. Evasive was an inspiration for Debussy to write music. From 1881 to 1884, Debussy wrote twenty-three gorgeous compositions. Madame Evasive was the only muse to ever inspire musical feelings. In 1883, Debussy was admitted for the PRI De Rome competition. The PRI De Rome was highly competitive contest for scholarship solely for students of the arts. Disciplines included Architecture, which is what the PRI De Rome was originally intended for, Painting, Sculpture, Engraving and Musical Composition. He was ranked Ruth for his composition Invocation, a work for male voice choir and orchestra based on a text by Alphorns De Almandine. A couple of weeks later, Debussy is admitted for the final competition for the PRI De Rome. Second prize is given Debussy with his cantata to words by Mile Mortar, called Lee Gladiator. Debussy was surely the new of everyone in the PRI De Rome competition. On his first attempt, he was awarded second prize which is a crowning achievement. One year later, Debussy was admitted for the PRI De Rome competition yet again. His composition Lee Printers, a composition for mixed choir and orchestra to words y Jules Barrier, ranked Debussy fourth in the preliminaries. On May 24, 1884, Debussy was admitted for the final competition for the PRI De Rome. It was then that he won the PRI De Rome with Leant Prorogue, a lyrical composition. The PRI De Rome demanded that the first place winner had to stay for three years to study in Rome at the Villa Medici. Debussy was actually quite depressed when he received word that he had become the winner of the PRI De Rome. Debussy despised Rome. At the Villa Medics, along side Paul Vidal (1883 PRI De Rome Winner), Georges Marty and Gabriel Pierre. The first couple months in Rome are depressing for Debussy and he intentionally makes no effort to even being happy. Debussy only wants to leave and be with Evasive. During the years at Villa Medics, he wrote nothing of interest. The most interest he had in Villa Medics was meeting and becoming acquaintances with Franz List. Paul Vidal and Debussy perform Faust-symphony for two pianos for Franz List to hear. List, a couple days later, performs his very own transcription of Schubert Eave Maria and Au board dune source. During his stay at Rome, Debussy would escape to Paris see his love Evasive. Eugene-Henry would be completely unaware of the affair between them, since Eugene-Henry would often be on work leaves and would assume that Debussy would visit to accompany her. After two dreaded years at Rome, he finally convinces the committee of the PRI De Rome and of the Villa Medics to allow him to leave Rome. After returning to Paris, he went to go seek the Vaccines but couldnt. The Evasive shunned Debussy and his decision to leave Rome. With nowhere else to go, he decided to go back to his family in the rue De Berlin. Shortly after his arrival, he found that his father was without a Job. He soon saw that that he had to make of his own living by giving piano lessons and doing hackwork for publishers on occasion. The money made from his pieces that have been published over the next few years like Artistes, Deuce Arabesques, The Petite Suite and more, did not produce enough monetary income to sustain his parents while he was with them momentarily nor did it even sustain him as he moved into a fifth floor apartment at 42 rue De Londoner. Since his return from Rome, Debussy began socializing more and more with symbolist poets, whose work would crucially inspire Debussy own work. Mallard, a poet that Debussy befriended, said that poetry should be transcendental and should strive for the abstraction of music. With this being said, it is to no surprise that Mallards writing is generally regarded as obscure. In 1891, Debussy met one of his soon to be, most loyal friend at the time, composer Erik State, who is famous for his Gymnosperms composition. In spring of 1890, Debussy meets Gabrielle Dupont, daughter of a tailor at Leslies. Gabrielle soon becomes Debussy newfound love. Debussy and Gabby both struggled together, looking for way to make ends meet. The inevitably split and go in different directions, but much praise is given to Gabby. During Debussy time with Gabby, Debussy wrote many masterpieces such as The String Quartet, the Propose Leeriness, Pellets et Melanesian, Prelude a Leapers-midi dun fauna (which is regarded as the first ground breaking piece of modern music), the Nocturnes and much more. It was a wonder how Debussy and Gabby even stayed together for so long! Debussy was with more women that ever during his affair with Gabby! He even proposed and organized a marriage with Theres Roger, a renowned interpreter of Debussy vocal works. He called off the marriage on March 17, 1894. She then fell into a depression, married a divorced engraver four years later, and then died four years later. Gabby soon got fed up with Debussy cheating on her, so she left him in September of 1898. Debussy met his next love during his relationship with Gabby in the spring of 1898. Her name was Rosalie Dexter but was commonly known Lilly. Gabby told Lilly about Debussy threatened to commit suicide if she didnt. They soon got married on October 19, 1899 with Erik State and Lousy as their witnesses. They enjoyed three years of utter happiness. Debussy was able to continue to work on his works such as Pellets, and Stamped and two of the Nocturnes. The Nocturnes would soon be written for Lilly because of their incapability of having children, her abortion, and her tubercular patches on the top of both of her lungs. Debussy had to send poor Lilly away to the Pyroxenes for three to four months. On top of the recent events, Debussy was also in a horrible financial situation. After months at the hospital, Lilly finally came back and in time to hear the premier of Pellets. In 1904, Lilly Debussy attempts suicide by shooting herself. Unsuccessful, her attempted suicide appears all over the news and many friends of Debussy start to draw away. Along with their divorce in 1905, many of Debussy pieces start to become more and more frequently performed. Performances of Masque, La Mere, Lease Joyous, Pellets et Melinda and Trots Melodies De Overlain. Debussy soon meets Emma Abroad, the mother of a pupil of his. They had a wonderful time together as their loved sparked more and more. During this time, around October, Lilly decided that she could not live through another anniversary, so she killed herself publicly. In 1905, Debussy started thinking about children more often. Emma, a woman who was still not married to Debussy yet, was an astonishing seven months pregnant. Now that his old professor bought a piece from Debussy, called La Mere, Debussy was receiving much royalties and had more time on his hands to compose music. Debussy started composing Childrens Corner Suite, a gorgeous six movement suite, for his impending daughter. Then, ever so promptly, Claude-Emma Debussy was born on October 30, 1905. Both Emma and Debussy were both flourishing financially and their relationship was without flaw. In 1908 Childrens Corner Suite was finished and dedicated completely to Claude-Emma, or better known as Couch. Childrens Corner Suite was inspired by toy animals and childhood memories for Couch to remember as she gets older. But the good times most certainly dont last forever, especially in Clauses life. Sigmund Abroad, Enemas ex-husband, failed to pay his alimony payments and have to be pursued and put into court. Also, on Enemas Uncles will, only to her displeasure, only left Emma 5000 francs, which is essentially nothing. Debussy had to resort to going on the road to conduct his own works to raise up some money. Lonely, toothsome trips to London, Vienna, Amsterdam, Budapest, Moscow, SST. Petersburg, Turin, Rome, The Hogue and Brussels from this moment to the time of his death. This made relationships with Emma more complicated and she even mailed a lawyer about a possible separation, but she endured and stuck with him. Debussy was major in debt and him nor could his family even afford a happy holiday in the year 1912 and 1913. Over the next five years, his life became worse and worse. He started getting thinner and weaker and paler. On March 1917, he finished his Violin Sonata, which was the last piece he ever rote before staying in bed for the last year of his life. One year later, during his last days, he was relieved by his dearest friend Vines, who would come to play him his so much pleasure like a cigarette, is the one thing that surely helped kill him. Claude Achilles Debussy died Monday, March 25th, 1918, due to Collateral Cancer. Couch only outlived her father by a mere year, due to the Diphtheria epidemic of 1919 when a doctor gave her a wrong treatment. Claude Debussy was an influence not only to pianists, but to composers and musicians of all genres. Debussy may have been a bastard of love, but a genius of music.

Thursday, February 27, 2020

Human Resource Management in Context Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words

Human Resource Management in Context - Essay Example The review of the literature related to this subject has revealed the following problem: the criteria on which the recruitment and selection policies are based can be highly differentiated across organizations. In practice, this means that the decisions of HR managers in regard to these activities cannot be controlled either in regard to their credibility or in regard to their reasoning. The values and the rules applied in each organization are critical, at the level that they can set the limits of key organizational practices, such as the recruitment and selection practices. 2. People resourcing and business environment 2.1 HR planning – overview and key characteristics The first step for developing an effective HR strategy is to secure that the whole process will be carefully designed. HR planning helps HR managers to secure the success of their decisions. According to Rahman (2010) HR planning is a demanding process. Errors during the development of a firm’s HR plans could result to severe problems in regard to employee performance and communication (Rahman 2010). For eliminating the chances for such failures, Rahman (2010) suggests the gradual development of HR planning. It is suggested that the process should incorporate three key phases: ‘the quantitative HR planning, the qualitative HR planning and the planning of personal actions’ (Rahman 2010, p.158). The quantitative HR planning focuses on the identification and the evaluation of the needs of the organization in terms of the number of employees (Rahman 2010, p.158). The qualitative HR planning refers to the attitudes of employees and the nature of the tasks assigned (Rahman 2010, p.158). The issues of time and space, as related to the HR needs of a particular organization are addressed through both the above processes (Rahman 2010, p.158). Another critical part of HR planning is the planning of personal actions (Rahman 2010, p.158), a process that focuses on the transformati on of ‘actual performance into the target performance’ (Rahman 2010, p.158). From another point of view, the HR planning can be used for making the connection ‘between recruitment/ selection strategies and the organisation strategies’ (Millmore 2007, p.286). In other words, HR planning verifies the relationship between the recruitment/selection processes and the business environment. Amos et al. (2009) note that HR planning does not focus solely on the needs of the organizations in terms of staff but also on the philosophy and values on which the recruitment of the staff would be based (p.99). According to the above view, HR planning defines the framework used for the recruitment and selection processes (Amos et al. 2009). Moreover, HR planning should be developed using specific criteria: a) the rules on which various HR processes will be based, as decided by HR planners, should be flexible enough so that they can be changed if necessary (Amos et al. 2009), b) the structure of HR plans should be also open to changes; this means that HR planning should set alternatives, available in cases of emergent organizational needs or of unexpected pressures in local or the global market (Pravin 2010). In regard to the above, Amos et al. (2009) note that rules are necessarily included in all HR plans. It is noted that these rules help

Tuesday, February 11, 2020

NO NEED Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

NO NEED - Essay Example The learner should dig deep into learning new vocabularies and finding the relevant instances where they should be applied. Knowing the right meaning of the word and applying it appropriately will demonstrate ‘language maturity’ and high competence of the learner. Learning meanings of several vocabularies will broaden the learners reading comprehension skills as they can understand the message carried in the vocabulary with ease. Consequently, Practice through speaking the language more makes the learner improve on their reading and writing. Just like writing, speaking is an active process that enables the learner to gain experience with the language and assist them remember more about what they spoke while writing. Learning the second language does not come with much ease as one’s native language and mastering it needs one to put a lot of efforts. To improve on it, constant research should be done in which the learner extracts different vocabularies and find ways to use them. Sentence structure and rules governing the formation and use of sentences should be regularly considered. If these are done, reading and writing in second language will be

Friday, January 31, 2020

MGT499 Module 1 Essay Example for Free

MGT499 Module 1 Essay Harley Davidson has been around the United States since 1903 and have always found a way to stay productive and current in this country, they have made huge strides to maintain their quality and trust in their customers. In this day and age even that may not be enough to supplant a company’s financial security and Harley Davidson may have to emphasize more on sales outside the USA. Harley Davidson’s quality mission is that they value the deep emotional connection that is created with their customers through their products, services, and experiences. They are fueled by the brand quality and trust that their customers place in the company to deliver premium quality and the promise of a fulfilling lifetime ownership experience. Harley Davidson exemplifies this commitment by embracing a culture of personal responsibility and stewardship for quality in everything they do. Harley Davidson fulfills these dreams by their corporate value of providing motorcyclists an expanding line of motorcycles and branded products and services to a selected market segment. Harley Davidson’s strategic vision is the delivery of unique motorcycling experiences, as individual as are their customers. The experiences could be as basic as a Sunday morning coffee, or a full moon beach ride. This corporate passion of delivering unique customer experiences is the core of their strategy and the reason for their competitive edge. This corporate passion of delivering to their main stakeholders includes customers and employees. Since the employees of Harley Davidson are motorcyclists themselves, their commitment to delivering an unforgettable motorcycling experience is the reason for the competitive advantage the company enjoys with a distinctive and innovative legendary motorcycling product line. When employees feel like a participant they will have a mutual goal: the long term success of the Company. (Fred, 2008). This is one of the area’s Harley Davidson has placed special emphasis on. With restructuring there assembly lines it became a necessity to know if something was not correct in the process, open communication allowed employees to communicate with leaders to resolve issues quickly, minimizing loss. Employees are also encouraged to participate in Harley Davidson Learning Center for its employees; the center was created after restructuring of the workforce to create semi-autonomous workgroups. The center is dedicated to lifelong learning, but is also used to hone skills, learn new skills and if needed remedial training. Harley Davidson customers are a cult. They are as unique as the motorcycles they ride. The passions of their experiences as bikers have made permanent inroads in the landscape of the United States. They are a part of Americana popular culture. They have inspired rock songs, political frame of references, and have been strategically aligned to a sense of freedom, which is the American symbol. The needs and goals of the employees at Harley Davidson are being met. Open communication at all levels is used as a major key to achieving teamwork and employee participation. When employees feel like a participant they will have a mutual goal: the long term success of the Company. (Fred, 2008). This is one of the area’s Harley Davidson has placed special emphasis on. With restructuring there assembly lines it became a necessity to know if something was not correct in the process, open communication allowed employees to communicate with leaders to resolve issues quickly, minimizing loss. Consumers are actually fulfilling more and more dreams, which is evident by increases in sales. There are many reasons for this, Harley Davidson listens to its consumers and values their input. They also created the Harley Owners Group (HOG) so that the Company can receive feedback from its riders and continue to make their experiences better and better by improving the products. â€Å"They conduct four US national rallies, two touring rallies, and 44 state rallies. † (Fred, 2008). Where they can receive feedback from riders and enjoy some customer bonding as they share in the excitement of riding. Harley Davidson just made major improvements in 4 key areas of their current line of motorcycles, with the input of their riders. Control; Larger engine, brighter lights, and Anti-locking Braking System. Infotainment; color touch screen radio with Bluetooth, GPS, and CB communication all in one unit which can be controlled by voice commands, allowing a rider to keep both hands on the bars. Feel; redesign of Fairings, improved passenger room with back rest and arm rests. Style; Redesigned trunk and saddle bags, with on touch latches, lighter wheels and intuitive hand control switches. â€Å"Weve been one with our riders and dealers for 110 years, and were now doing a much, much better job bringing their insights and needs into great new bikes; and getting the job done 30 percent faster so they can enjoy it all sooner! The worlds best – and best-selling – touring bike just got a whole lot better because of the inspiration of our riders and the talent and dedication of our employees. † (Hoyer, 2013) My recommendation to the executives of Harley Davidson would be to inspire an international campaign of freedom. To launch an international marketing campaign and highlight the individual countries landscapes with passionate riding experiences unique to that country. Since the employees of Harley Davidson are motorcyclists themselves, I would recommend that the corporation employ motorcyclist employees in each of the international companies to work and design a line for each of the individual country markets. The competitive advantage to Harley Davidson has always been about the delivery of unique experiences, the marketing and production campaign in each of the individual countries would succeed if they are able to deliver to that country’s stakeholders an unforgettable motorcycling experience. References: Harley Davidson. (2012) Annual Report 2011. Retrieved from: http://media. corporate-ir. net/media_files/IROL/87/87981/HD. pdf Fred, (2008). A case study of Harley Davidson’s business practice. Infotechdesign. Retrieved from: http://infotechdesign. net/itd/a-case-study-of-harley-davidsons-business-practices. htmlÃ'Ž

Wednesday, January 22, 2020

Stuck In Time :: essays research papers

It's 2139 and Charles Stimatra, head of the ITEDRC (International Time Exploration and Defense Research Company), has figured out a formula and machine enabling one person at a time to be transported to another time. The glitch he is working on is the person can only be estimated where he will be when he gets transported. The closest they can get is three kilometers within the configured destination. Seven out of twenty three men have been lost and killed because one ended up inside a rock, another 300 feet in the air and the last got stuck in another person causing a time malfunction and creating an explosive object. The others whereabouts are unknown. The other men went back again and tried to save as many from dying as they could because it could cause a chain reaction through history and completely change everything. The future is a whole different matter. Since the future can always be changed, sending someone to the future could change the past. Charles and his associates are not the only ones experimenting in time travel. These people are called hackers, which is why there are Time Police. They devote their lives to protecting the past. For example, if someone went back and killed Hitler, it could change everything. The Time Police stop these people from doing so. Captain of the Time Police used to be Sergeant Carl Lamberg. He was one of the many that had to erase their identity and lives so they could protect the future of the human race. Which brings us to the story of how Carl died. How do I know? Because I am Carl Lamberg. "Control, I'm ready to transmit. Confirm safety for time transport." I let go of the intercom button and waited for the confirmation. "This is Control, we confirm transport. You have the go ahead." This is my thirteenth time and I still get nervous. I reach for the bottom of my shirt to wipe my forehead but the chair starts to shake and I end up in 1642 five feet above the ground. I drop and absorb the impact with my knees. My mission is to find a gold transport to a king and stop a hacker from robbing it. Hackers can easily kill people from the past because they use modern weapons, while the people they are robbing have to reload after every shot. I brush myself off and set off down the road.

Tuesday, January 14, 2020

Psy 375 Senior Interview Essay

1. What is the environment of your home like? Busy, before they got guardianship of their grandson, life was quiet and there was not very much that had to be done around the home. Once their grandson came to live with them at age 3, life became â€Å"a buzz† again. â€Å"Before our grandson came to us, we usually would get up in the morning, sit and relax as we drank our coffee and had a quiet breakfast together. Now, we (her and her spouse) are up early to get our grandson ready to go to school. † She also says â€Å"We had time for the things that we wanted to do in our later years of life, visiting family, traveling and such. Now our time is dedicated to raising our grandson who keeps us going and on our toes but we would not change the situations we are in now for the world. † 2. Has aging changed the home environment? Yes, when they were younger, they had the energy and health to do the things they wanted to. Sally says â€Å"With age came some small struggles to stay at the pace we had always had when we were younger. Things that were always easy slowly became more time consuming, housekeeping used to be something that I could complete pretty quickly; now, I am a little slower (with the help of my grandson). Otherwise, she says â€Å"life keeps us all busy. † 3. Do you rely on others for help with any activities in the home? Sally answers â€Å"No, we are still able and willing to do our chores and keep up with the necessary tasks that we have. Although, we do have â€Å"John† (grandson) visit family a few times a month so that we have time to recharge. † 4. Do you still drive? If so, how has aging changed how you drive? Sally answered, â€Å"Yes, we both (her and her husband Mike) still drive. Driving is something that you would think would stay the same as you grow old until you get old. When I am driving now, I feel like everyone is in a rush to get where they want to go and here I am taking my time, trying to be safe while all around me are probably cursing me and saying â€Å"Damn old lady is driving so slow. † (She laughed as she made the last remark. ) 5. What changes in your home do you face as you get older? Sally answers, â€Å"As my husband and I get older, we are starting to be slower at things that once took us very little time. I think as we continue to get older, we will continue to get slower. † She also says, â€Å"With having our grandson home with us, he is helping us when he sees us even struggle a little with even small things. I think as we get older, he will be the one to help us more than anyone else. Recreational Activities: 1. In the past, what did you do for recreation? What do you do now for enjoyment? Sally answers, â€Å"When we were younger and our children were at home with us, we would spend a lot of time outdoors. We loved to go camping, fishing and hunting as a family. As our children got older, they all had things that they were involved in that took that time away that we had for the fun things. † She then explained that as her and her husband grew older, that they became more focused on the things that they wanted to do like traveling and visiting family. Sally then explained â€Å"Now that we have our grandson, I go to the movies, library, and toy shopping an awful lot. † But then she explained that she takes pleasure in spending time with her grandson doing the things that he likes to do because she â€Å"loves to see the smile on his face. † Sally also explained that they are active members of a church that they go to twice a week (Wednesdays and Sundays) and they get great pleasure out of the service. 2. How often do you participate in these activities? Sally says â€Å"When â€Å"John† is a good boy at school and does what he is told here we usually take him out about once a week to do something special. † She then explains, â€Å"Church is a large part of our lives. We go to church not only to worship but also to have time with people that are around our age with and are like-minded. † 3. Have the things that do for recreation changed as you aged? As stated above, in their younger years, their recreation revolved around their family. As they got older, she says â€Å"The things we did slowed. We were not out all the time we possibly could have been. † Sally says, â€Å"We now spend time where we feel most comfortable, church and doing things with our grandson are what we do most now. † Social Support and Interactions: 1. Who do you interact with on a regular basis? Is this the same amount of contact you had in younger years of life? Sally says, â€Å"On a daily basis, my husband and grandson. I usually call my sister every couple days and see how she is doing and on a weekly basis the brothers and sisters I have at church. † She also says, â€Å"In the past, we had friends and neighbors that we were in contact with on a daily basis but as time went on, the friends we have kept are passing away or just losing contact with them all together. It is hard getting older and watching the friends you have start to pass away, it make me think that I will not always be here and then it makes me worry about who will keep our grandson when we are gone. † 2. Do you participate in any social clubs? Sally says, â€Å"The only real structured social club, if you can call it that, would be church activities. On Wednesdays, we go to church for bible study and social time where we talk with our friends there and on Sunday, we go to service that provides us with God’s word and time with our church brothers and sisters. † Meaningful Activities: 1. What gives your life meaning? Sally says, â€Å"My family is what gives my life meaning. I try to do as much as possible to stay in the loop of what is going on with my children and grandchildren. My children have always been the reason that we have worked so hard. We always wanted them to have the better things in life and we wanted them to be happy. † She also says â€Å"Now, my life revolves around taking care of â€Å"John† and making sure he feels that everything is okay and that he has a stable home to grow up in. † 2. Do you still engage in these activities as you did when you were younger? Sally says, â€Å"When we were younger, we had a lot more activities when our children were young. As they grew up, moved out on their own and had families of their own, our lives quieted down and the activities we were always doing changed into activities that â€Å"Mike† and I wanted to do until we got â€Å"John† and once we got â€Å"John† life became busy again with all of his activities. † Mental Stimulation: 1. In the past, what did you do to keep your mind sharp? Sally says, â€Å"In the past, I had my work to keep my mind sharp. I was a secretary at the middle school in the town we live for almost 20 years and was always busy with the tasks that were I had to do. My children also kept my mind going and I loved helping them with their homework because this helped me keep my mind working and remembering how to do problems like math and science. † 2. What do you do now to keep your mind sharp? Sally says, â€Å"Now to keep my mind sharp I do a lot of word and number puzzles. I love to do Sudoku puzzles and word find puzzles. Sudoku puzzles really keep my mind working because sometimes I feel like my hair is on fire when I am done with them (she chuckles.) I also spend time with â€Å"John† to helping him with his homework and I think this helps to keep me learning still because I have noticed that the way children are taught now has really changed from when I had my children in school. † Physical Activities: 1. In the past, what did you do to keep physically fit? Sally says, â€Å"In the past, when my children lived at home, we were always on the go. We would go places where we would walk and hike through the woods like when we would go hunting or fishing. We lives close to the corner store so we would also just walk to the store when we needed a few things instead of get in the car and drive. † She also says â€Å"I never was a really big health nut who was always worried about exercise because my weight was never an issue. I felt that is my weight was good then I was getting plenty of exercise. † 2. What do you do to keep physically fit now? Sally says, â€Å"Nowadays we love to take â€Å"John† for walks at the local trails. It’s nice to be out in the fresh air and be able to not only spend time with â€Å"Mike† and â€Å"John† but to get a little exercise because I have noticed that the older I get the less muscle I seem to have. † â€Å"It seems like the little things are more of a challenge than they were in previous years. Even just opening a jar is sometimes a challenge. † 3. Are you able to keep up with the daily physical stresses that you are tasked with on a daily basis? Sally says, â€Å"Yes, it seems like I am still doing a pretty good job keeping up with everything I have to do on a daily basis (as she looks around her living room. ) She also says â€Å"Keeping a house clean is a chore in its own when you have a grandson to pick up after everywhere he goes. † She also says, â€Å"I get around to the things I need to do now when I get to them. I used to try to make sure the house was perfect when my children and â€Å"Mike† would come home each day and thought that having a clean house for them, food cooking and clothes laid out for them daily was what I was supposed to do. Now that I think about it, I would have much rather of been having fun with them instead of being worried about the house. † Ending the interview, her last statement is, â€Å"Life now is a little bit harder than it was when I was younger. It seems like the older I get, the slower I am. † She then tells me, â€Å"Make sure that you spend your time doing what makes you happy. †

Monday, January 6, 2020

Personal Narrative At Plastics And Hand Surgical Associates

For my clinicals at Plastics and Hand Surgical Associates last Tuesday I was able to perform a variety of tasks and meet another one of the other working physicians. The tasks I performed were the following: taking patient s BP, filling syringes with Botox, filling a syringe with a combination of different medications for arthritis, filling syringes for a few trigger fingers and I was able to bring a sample down to pathology and have it biopsied. The doctor I met was Dr. Maddali. Dr. Maddali is a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons and is certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery and the American Board of Surgery. He is on the teaching faculty of the Lahey Clinic and serves as Clinical Instructor at Maine Medical Center for Tufts University School of Medicine. Dr. Maddali graduated magna cum laude from Brown University and received his MD with Alpha Omega Alpha honors from Cornell University Medical College. Suffice to say he, along with all of the other doctors I ve meet are very impressive physicians. Jenny, was one of the nurses I was with Tuesday. There wasn t very much going on in terms of exciting learning experiences, so Jenny let me pop around with the other nurses to see the â€Å"best† patents. The first patient I saw was a trigger finger patient of Dr. Kutz. She was an elderly woman and her left pinky was stuck at about 20 degrees. Even with force she was unable to comfortably extend her pinky. Dr. Kutz spoke with her about her options forShow MoreRelatedHistory of Transgender9448 Words   |  38 Pagesthe lecture was about. No one should allow him- or herself to be critically influenced by a description of large societal developments through time, which have set the stage for todays life. The depth of our own sense of gender is rooted in our personal histories. 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